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Title: Heterogeneous properties of intermediate- and low-density lipoprotein subpopulations
Authors: Pornpen Srisawasdi
Somlak Vanavanan
Mana Rochanawutanon
Prapaporn Pornsuriyasak
Visasiri Tantrakul
Khanat Kruthkul
Kazuhiko Kotani
Mahidol University
Jichi Medical University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2013
Citation: Clinical Biochemistry. Vol.46, No.15 (2013), 1509-1515
Abstract: Objective: Intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) consist of heterogeneous particles whose subpopulations may have different atherogenic characteristics. This study investigated the associations between these subpopulations and other lipids, lipoproteins and atherosclerosis-related markers. Design and methods: A total of 416 subjects (124 males and 292 females, mean age: 50.8. years) were enrolled in this study. Using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, serum lipoproteins were separated according to their specific electrophoretic mobility based on particle size. The IDL particles were separated into three midbands (MID-A to C), and the LDL particles were separated into seven subfractions (LDL1 to 7). Results: MID-B, MID-C, LDL2 and LDL3 to 6 (as a small LDL fraction) were significantly and positively correlated with very LDL (VLDL), while MID-A and LDL1 were significantly and inversely correlated with VLDL. MID-A and LDL1 were significantly and positively correlated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL). The correlation patterns between MID-A or LDL1 and triglycerides, apolipoprotein A-I, glucose, the insulin resistance index, creatinine and the mean LDL particle size had similar trends to those between HDL and these parameters. Conclusions: The respective subpopulations of IDL and LDL particles can vary in their ability to predict cardiovascular disease risks. These variations may partially explain why quantitative assessments using LDL-cholesterol concentrations, as typically performed in conventional practice, are not perfect predictors of cardiovascular disease. Further studies are required to determine the clinical relevance of analyzing the IDL and LDL subpopulations. © 2013 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists.
ISSN: 18732933
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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