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dc.contributor.authorWeerawut Chaiwaten_US
dc.contributor.authorRichard Gunawanen_US
dc.contributor.authorMortaza Gholizadehen_US
dc.contributor.authorXiang Lien_US
dc.contributor.authorCaroline Lievensen_US
dc.contributor.authorXun Huen_US
dc.contributor.authorYi Wangen_US
dc.contributor.authorDaniel Mouranten_US
dc.contributor.authorAngelina Rossiteren_US
dc.contributor.authorJohn Bromlyen_US
dc.contributor.authorChun Zhu Lien_US
dc.contributor.otherCurtin Universityen_US
dc.contributor.otherMahidol Universityen_US
dc.identifier.citationFuel. Vol.112, (2013), 302-310en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study has investigated the observed product distribution as a function of temperature and liquid hourly space velocity (LHSV) from the continuous hydrotreatment of pyrolysis bio-oil in a packed-bed catalytic reactor using a Pd/C catalyst. Our results show that, at a constant overall LHSV value, the time required to achieve a steady state formation rate varies widely among the various species in the raw bio-oil and hydrotreated product. Due to the complexity of bio-oil composition, LHSV is not an accurate parameter to evaluate the residence time of various species in a continuous catalytic reactor. The holdup of heavy species in the catalyst must have occupied some active sites while the heavy compounds were slowly hydrogenated. This caused the active sites to be unavailable for other reactions during the continuous hydrotreatment. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.rightsMahidol Universityen_US
dc.subjectChemical Engineeringen_US
dc.titleUpgrading of bio-oil into advanced biofuels and chemicals. Part II. Importance of holdup of heavy species during the hydrotreatment of bio-oil in a continuous packed-bed catalytic reactoren_US
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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