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Title: Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 gene polymorphisms and osteoporosis in Thai menopausal women
Authors: Anong Kitjaroentham
Hathairad Hananantachai
Benjaluck Phonrat
Sangchai Preutthipan
Rungsunn Tungtrongchitr
Mahidol University. Faculty of Tropical Medicine. Department of Tropical Nutrition and Food Science
Keywords: Open Access article;Osteoporosis;Osteopenia;Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5);Menopausal Thai women;Coding single nucleotide polymorphisms
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine. Vol.15, (2016), 16
Abstract: Background: Osteoporosis, characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) and high bone fracture risk, is prevalent in Thai menopausal women. Genetic factors are known to play a key role in BMD. Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5), a co-receptor in the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway, is involved in many aspects of bone biology. As coding single nucleotide polymorphisms (cSNPs) of LRP5, including A1330V (rs3736228), and Asian-related Q89R (rs41494349) and N740N (rs2306862), are associated with lowered BMD, this study aimed to determine the relationship between these LRP5 polymorphisms and BMD in 277 Thai menopausal women. Results: Only rs3736228 deviated from the Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium of allele frequency (p = 0.022). The median, range and p value for the BMD related to each SNP parameter were compared (Mann–Whitney U test). Significant differences were observed between wild-type and risk alleles for both rs3736228 (total radial, p = 0.011; and radial 33, p = 0.001) and rs2306862 (radial 33: p = 0.015) SNPs, with no significant difference for rs41494349 SNP. Linkage disequilibrium was strong for both rs3736228 and rs2306862 SNPs. Haplotype analysis identified high CC frequency in both normal and osteopenia/osteoporosis groups, with a significant odds ratio for carrying the TT haplotype; however, this was non-significant after adjusting for age. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis performed for rs3736228 showed that individuals with a body mass index <25 kg/m2 had an increased risk of osteoporosis for each decade, but the polymorphism had no effect. Conclusions: This study did not identify LRP5 polymorphisms as a risk factor for osteoporosis in Thai menopausal women. Further studies with larger sample sizes are needed to further clarify the role of LRP5 as a genetic determinant of osteoporosis.
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