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|Title:||Bivalent angiotensin II suppresses oxidative stress-induced hyper-responsiveness of angiotensin II receptor type i|
|Keywords:||Chemistry;Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics|
|Citation:||European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. Vol.63, (2013), 629-634|
|Abstract:||Angiotensin II receptor type I (AT1R) is a G-protein coupled receptor involved in regulation of body water-electrolyte balance and blood pressure. Oxidative stress promotes AT1R oligomerization and hyper-responsiveness to its cognate ligand Ang II. In this study, bivalent Ang II, synthesized by linking with aminocaproic acid (Acp) at the N-terminus, was used to induce AT1R dimerization and hyper-responsiveness in AT1R-expressed human embryonic kidney (AT1R-HEK) cells, determined using image correlation spectroscopy (ICS) and by measuring AT1R-mediated change in intracellular Ca2+concentration, respectively. In addition, ICS was employed to determine distribution pattern of cell-surface AT1R and its degree of aggregation when stimulated by monomeric (monovalent) and bivalent Ang II under oxidative stress (100 μM H2O2) condition in comparison with normal (unoxidized) AT1R-HEK cells. Bivalent Ang II induced cell-surface AT1R aggregation/clustering but maintained AT1R normal signaling response under oxidative stress condition, whereas stimulation by monomeric Ang II or a mixture of monomeric and Acp-modified Ang II (used in the synthesis of bivalent form) resulted in AT1R hyper-responsiveness. These results suggest that bivalent ligand (viz. Ang II) provides another strategy in the development of novel drugs specifically designed for attenuating aberrant responsiveness of cognate receptor (AT1R) under pathological (oxidative stress) conditions. © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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