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Title: Turning cigarette butt waste into an alternative control tool against an insecticide-resistant mosquito vector
Authors: Hamady Dieng
Sudha Rajasaygar
Abu Hassan Ahmad
Hamdan Ahmad
Che Salmah M. Rawi
Wan Fatma Zuharah
Tomomitsu Satho
Fumio Miake
Yuki Fukumitsu
Ahmad Ramli Saad
Idris Abd Ghani
Ronald Enrique Morales Vargas
Abdul Hafiz Ab Majid
Sazaly AbuBakar
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Fukuoka University
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Mahidol University
University of Malaya
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2013
Citation: Acta Tropica. Vol.128, No.3 (2013), 584-590
Abstract: Annually, 4.5 trillion cigarette butts (CBs) are flicked into our environment. Evidence exists that CB waste is deadly to aquatic life, but their lethality to the aquatic life of the main dengue vector is unknown. CBs are full of toxicants that occur naturally, during planting and manufacturing, which may act as larvicidal agents. We assessed Aedes aegypti vulnerability to Marlboro butts during its development. Overall, CBs showed insecticidal activities against larvae. At early phases of development, mortality rates were much higher in two CBs solution (2CBSol) and 3CBSol microcosms (MICRs). Larval survival gradually decreased with development in 1CBSol-MICRs. However, in great presence of CBs, mortality was high even for the late developmental stages. These results suggest that A. aegypti larvae are vulnerable to CB presence in their habitats, but this effect was seen most during the early developmental phases and in the presence of increased amounts of cigarette remnants. CB filters are being used as raw material in many sectors, i.e., brick, art, fashion, plastic industries, as a practical solution to the pollution problem, the observed butt waste toxicity to mosquito larvae open new avenues for the identification of novel insecticide products. © 2013 .
ISSN: 18736254
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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