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Title: Short report: Prevalence of melioidosis in patients with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis and sputum smear negative for acid-fast bacilli in northeast Thailand
Authors: Pornpan Suntornsut
Kriangsak Kasemsupat
Santi Silairatana
Gumphol Wongsuvan
Yaowaruk Jutrakul
Vanaporn Wuthiekanun
Nicholas P.J. Day
Sharon J. Peacock
Direk Limmathurotsakul
Mahidol University
Udon Thani Center Hospital
Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine
University of Cambridge
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2013
Citation: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Vol.89, No.5 (2013), 983-985
Abstract: The clinical and radiological features of pulmonary melioidosis can mimic tuberculosis. We prospectively evaluated 118 patients with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis who were acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear negative at Udon Thani Hospital, northeast Thailand. Culture of residual sputum from AFB testing was positive for Burkholderia pseudomallei in three patients (2.5%; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.5-7.3%). We propose that in melioidosis-endemic areas, residual sputum from AFB testing should be routinely cultured for B. pseudomallei. Copyright © 2013 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
ISSN: 00029637
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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