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Title: Diagnosis of Fasciola gigantica infection using a monoclonal antibody-based sandwich ELISA for detection of circulating cathepsin B3 protease
Authors: Panat Anuracpreeda
Runglawan Chawengkirtikul
Yotsawan Tinikul
Jaruwan Poljaroen
Charoonroj Chotwiwatthanakun
Prasert Sobhon
Mahidol University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2013
Citation: Acta Tropica. Vol.127, No.1 (2013), 38-45
Abstract: A reliable monoclonal antibody (MoAb)-based sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (sandwich ELISA) was developed for the detection of circulating cathepsin B3 protease (CatB3) in the sera from mice experimentally infected with Fasciola gigantica and cattle naturally infected with the same parasite. The MoAb 2F9 and biotinylated rabbit polyclonal anti-recombinant CatB3 antibody were selected due to their high reactivities and specificities to F. gigantica CatB3 antigen based on indirect ELISA and immunoblotting. The lower detection limit of the sandwich ELISA assay was 10, 100 and 400. pg/ml, when applied for the detection of rCatB3 antigen and CatB3 in whole body (WB) of newly excysted juveniles (NEJ) and metacercariae (Met) of F. gigantica, respectively. This sandwich ELISA assay could detect F. gigantica infection from day 1 to 35 post infection and revealed that circulating level of CatB3 peaked at day 1 post infection. In contrast, the antibody detection by indirect ELISA could only demonstrate the antibody level from 35 days post infection. The reliability of the assay method was evaluated using serum samples from mice infected with F. gigantica or Schistosoma mansoni, and hamsters infected with Opisthorchis viverrini, as well as normal mice and hamsters. In addition, sera from cattle infected with Paramphistomum cervi, Strongylid, Trichuris sp. and Strongyloides sp., as well as sera from normal cattle were also assessed. In experimental mice, the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, false positive rate, false negative rate and accuracy of ELISA were 95%, 100%, 100%, 97.9%, 0%, 5.3% and 98.5%, while in natural cattle they were 96.7%, 100%, 100%, 98.5%, 0%, 3.4% and 98.9%, respectively. Hence, this assay method showed high efficient and precision for early diagnosis of fasciolosis by F. gigantica. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 18736254
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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