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|Title:||The value of intermittent point-prevalence surveys ofhealthcare-associated infections fo evaluating infection control interventions at angkor hospital for children, siem reap, cambodia|
K. A. Peng
N. P.J. Day
C. E. Moore
C. M. Parry
Angkor Hospital for Children
University of Oxford
|Keywords:||Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine|
|Citation:||Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Vol.107, No.4 (2013), 248-253|
|Abstract:||Background: There are limited data on the epidemiology of paediatric healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) and infection control in low-income countries. We describe the value of intermittent point-prevalence surveys for monitoring HCAI and evaluating infection control interventions in a Cambodian paediatric hospital. Methods: Hospital-wide, point-prevalence surveys were performed monthly in 2011. Infection control interventions introduced during this period included a hand hygiene programme and a ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) care bundle. Results: Overall HCAI prevalence was 13.8/100 patients at-risk, with a significant decline over time. The highest HCAI rates (50%) were observed in critical care; the majority of HCAIs were respiratory (61%). Klebsiella pneumoniae was most commonly isolated and antimicrobial resistancewas widespread. Hand hygiene compliance doubled to 51.6%, and total VAP cases/1000 patient-ventilator days fell from 30 to 10. Conclusion: Rates of HCAI were substantial in our institution, and antimicrobial resistance a major concern. Pointprevalence surveys are effective for HCAIsurveillance, and in monitoring trends in response to infection control interventions. © Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2013. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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