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Title: Free nipple graft technique to correct nipple and areola malposition after breast procedures
Authors: Mario Rietjens
Francesca De Lorenzi
Manconi Andrea
Prakasit Chirappapha
Stefano Martella
Benedetta Barbieri
Alessandra Gottardi
Lomeo Giuseppe
Alaa Hamza
Jean Yves Petit
Visnu Lohsiriwat
Istituto Europeo di Oncologia
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 14-Nov-2013
Citation: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Vol.1, No.8 (2013)
Abstract: Copyright © 2013 The Authors. Secondary correction of nipple areola complex (NAC) malposition represents a major concern after breast reconstructive procedures. It is frequently requested by patients complaining about asymmetric areolas impairing the whole reconstructive procedure and asking for improved cosmetic outcomes. Several methods have been described to achieve a good symmetry between the 2 areolas, either natural or reconstructed. We describe our correction technique with free NAC graft. A total of 16 patients were treated with free NAC grafts between April 2010 and April 2013 at the European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy. This series focused on the surgical technique and its postoperative outcomes. Three cases of partial graft loss (18%) were observed in the postoperative period. No total NAC necrosis occurred. No infection was observed. All the complications were managed with a conservative treatment, not requiring any further surgery. NAC malposition following breast reconstructive procedures can be corrected using the technique of free NAC graft with reliable and satisfactory results.
ISSN: 00321052
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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