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Title: Comparing the experience of regret and its predictors among smokers in four asian countries: Findings from the itc surveys in Thailand, South Korea, Malaysia, and China
Authors: Natalie Sansone
Geoffrey T. Fong
Wonkyong B. Lee
Fritz L. Laux
Buppha Sirirassamee
Hong Gwan Seo
Maizurah Omar
Yuan Jiang
University of Waterloo
Ontario Institute for Cancer Research
Western University
Northeastern State University
Mahidol University
National Cancer Center, Gyeonggi
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2013
Citation: Nicotine and Tobacco Research. Vol.15, No.10 (2013), 1663-1672
Abstract: Introduction: Nearly all smokers in high-income Western countries report that they regret smoking (Fong, G. T., Hammond, D., Laux, F. L., Zanna, M. P., Cummings, M. K., Borland, R., & Ross, H. [2004]. The near-universal experience of regret among smokers in four countries: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 6, S341-S351. doi:10.1080/14622200412331320743), but no research to date has examined the prevalence of regret among smokers in non-Western, low- and middle-income countries. Methods: Data were from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Surveys of smokers in 4 Asian countries (China, Malaysia, South Korea, and Thailand); N = 9,738. Regret was measured with the statement: "If you had to do it over again, you would not have started smoking." Results: Prevalence of regret in 3 countries (South Korea = 87%, Malaysia = 77%, and China = 74%) was lower than that found by Fong et al. in the United States, Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom (89%-90%); but was higher in Thailand (93%). These significant country differences in regret corresponded with differences in tobacco control and norms regarding smoking. The predictors of regret in the Asian countries were very similar to those in the 4 Western countries: Regret was more likely to be experienced by smokers who smoked fewer cigarettes per day, perceived greater benefits of quitting and higher financial costs of smoking, had more prior quit attempts, worried that smoking would damage their health, and felt that their loved ones and society disapproved of smoking. Regret was also positively associated with intentions to quit (r = 0.23, p < .001). Conclusions: Across the Asian countries and high-income Western countries, the prevalence of regret varies, but the factors predicting regret are quite consistent. Regret may be an important indicator of tobacco control and is related to factors associated with future quitting. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1469994X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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