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Title: The BpeEF-OprC efflux pump is responsible for widespread trimethoprim resistance in clinical and environmental Burkholderia pseudomallei isolates
Authors: Nicole L. Podnecky
Vanaporn Wuthiekanun
Sharon J. Peacock
Herbert P. Schweizer
Colorado State University
Mahidol University
University of Cambridge
Keywords: Medicine;Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2013
Citation: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Vol.57, No.9 (2013), 4381-4386
Abstract: Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (co-trimoxazole) is the primary drug used for oral eradication therapy of Burkholderia pseudomallei infections (melioidosis). Here, we demonstrate that trimethoprim resistance is widespread in clinical and environmental isolates from northeast Thailand and northern Australia. This resistance was shown to be due to BpeEF-OprC efflux pump expression. No dihydrofolate reductase target mutations were involved, although frequent insertion of ISBma2 was noted within the putative folA transcriptional terminator. All isolates tested remained susceptible to trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole, suggesting that resistance to trimethoprim alone in these strains probably does not affect the efficacy of co-trimoxazole therapy. Copyright © 2013, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN: 10986596
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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