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dc.contributor.authorS. Sandjajaen_US
dc.contributor.authorBee Koon Pohen_US
dc.contributor.authorNipa Rojroonwasinkulen_US
dc.contributor.authorBao Khanh Le Nyugenen_US
dc.contributor.authorBasuki Budimanen_US
dc.contributor.authorLai Oon Ngen_US
dc.contributor.authorKusol Soonthorndhadaen_US
dc.contributor.authorHoang Thi Xuyenen_US
dc.contributor.authorPaul Deurenbergen_US
dc.contributor.authorPanam Parikhen_US
dc.contributor.otherPersatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia (PERSAGI)en_US
dc.contributor.otherUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysiaen_US
dc.contributor.otherMahidol Universityen_US
dc.contributor.otherHanoi Regional Animal Health Centeren_US
dc.contributor.otherNutrition Consultanten_US
dc.contributor.otherFrieslandCampinaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-19T05:17:40Z-
dc.date.available2018-10-19T05:17:40Z-
dc.date.issued2013-09-01en_US
dc.identifier.citationBritish Journal of Nutrition. Vol.110, No.SUPPL.3 (2013)en_US
dc.identifier.issn14752662en_US
dc.identifier.issn00071145en_US
dc.identifier.other2-s2.0-84884263780en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84884263780&origin=inwarden_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/32189-
dc.description.abstractNutrition is an important factor in mental development and, as a consequence, in cognitive performance. Malnutrition is reflected in children's weight, height and BMI curves. The present cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association between anthropometric indices and cognitive performance in 6746 school-aged children (aged 6-12 years) of four Southeast Asian countries: Indonesia; Malaysia; Thailand; Vietnam. Cognitive performance (non-verbal intelligence quotient (IQ)) was measured using Raven's Progressive Matrices test or Test of Non-Verbal Intelligence, third edition (TONI-3). Height-for-age z-scores (HAZ), weight-for-age z-scores (WAZ) and BMI-for-age z-scores (BAZ) were used as anthropometric nutritional status indices. Data were weighted using age, sex and urban/rural weight factors to resemble the total primary school-aged population per country. Overall, 21 % of the children in the four countries were underweight and 19 % were stunted. Children with low WAZ were 3·5 times more likely to have a non-verbal IQ < 89 (OR 3·53 and 95 % CI 3·52, 3·54). The chance of having a non-verbal IQ < 89 was also doubled with low BAZ and HAZ. In contrast, except for severe obesity, the relationship between high BAZ and IQ was less clear and differed per country. The odds of having non-verbal IQ levels < 89 also increased with severe obesity. In conclusion, undernourishment and non-verbal IQ are significantly associated in 6-12-year-old children. Effective strategies to improve nutrition in preschoolers and school-aged children can have a pronounced effect on cognition and, in the longer term, help in positively contributing to individual and national development. Copyright © The Authors 2013A.en_US
dc.rightsMahidol Universityen_US
dc.source.urihttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84884263780&origin=inwarden_US
dc.subjectMedicineen_US
dc.subjectNursingen_US
dc.titleRelationship between anthropometric indicators and cognitive performance in Southeast Asian school-aged childrenen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.rights.holderSCOPUSen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0007114513002079en_US
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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