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Title: Impact of pulmonary rehabilitation on the major dimensions of dyspnea in COPD
Authors: Karin Wadell
Katherine A. Webb
Megan E. Preston
Naparat Amornputtisathaporn
Lorelei Samis
Jennifer Patelli
Jordan A. Guenette
Denis E. O'Donnell
Queen's University, Kingston
Umea Universitet
Mahidol University
Department of Rehabilitation
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2013
Citation: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Vol.10, No.4 (2013), 425-435
Abstract: The evaluation of dyspnea and its responsiveness to therapy in COPD should consider the multidimensional nature of this symptom in each of its sensory-perceptual (intensity, quality), affective and impact domains. To gain new insights into mechanisms of dyspnea relief following pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), we examined effects on the major domains of dyspnea and their interaction with physiological training effects. This randomized, controlled study was conducted in 48 subjects with COPD. Subjects received either 8-weeks of PR or usual care (CTRL). Pre- and post-intervention assessments included: sensory-perceptual (i.e., exertional dyspnea intensity, dyspnea descriptors at end-exercise), affective (i.e., intensity of breathing-related anxiety during exercise, COPD self-efficacy, walking self-efficacy) and impact (i.e., activity-related dyspnea measured by the Baseline/Transition Dyspnea Index, Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire dyspnea component, St. George's Respiratory Disease Questionnaire activity component) domains of dyspnea; functional performance (i.e., 6-minute walk, endurance shuttle walk); pulmonary function; and physiological measurements during constant work rate cycle exercise at 75% of the peak incremental work rate. Forty-one subjects completed the study: PR (n = 17) and CTRL (n = 24) groups were well matched for age, sex, body size and pulmonary function. There were no significant between-group differences in pre- to post-intervention changes in pulmonary function or physiological parameters during exercise. After PR versus CTRL, significant improvements were found in the affective and impact domains but not in the sensory-perceptual domain of dyspnea. In conclusion, clinically meaningful improvements in the affective and impact domains of dyspnea occurred in response to PR in the absence of consistent physiological training effects. © 2013 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
ISSN: 15412563
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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