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|Title:||Determining the burden of secondhand smoke exposure on the respiratory health of Thai children|
Stephen Lorin Hamann
Center of Excellence on Environmental Health and Toxicology
Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health
Center for the Study of Communication-Design
Tobacco Control Research and Knowledge Management Center
|Citation:||Tobacco Induced Diseases. Vol.11, No.1 (2013)|
|Abstract:||Background: The impact of secondhand smoke (SHS) on Southeast Asian children's health has been assessed by a limited number of studies. The purpose of this study was to determine whether in Thailand, pre- and postnatal exposure to SHS is associated with acute lower respiratory conditions in young children. Methods. We conducted a case control study of 462 children under age five admitted with acute lower respiratory illnesses, including asthma and pneumonia, at a major hospital in Bangkok. We selected 462 comparison controls from the well-child clinic at the hospital and matched them by sex and age. We used a structured questionnaire to collect information about exposure to SHS and other factors. We conducted bivariate and multivariate analyses to identify risk factors for acute lower respiratory conditions. Results: The number of cigarettes smoked at home per day by household members was significantly greater among cases. A greater number of household caregivers of cases held and carried children while smoking as compared to controls (26% versus 7%, p <0.05). Cases were more likely to have been exposed to SHS in the household (adjusted OR = 3.82, 95% CI = 2.47-5.9), and outside (adjusted OR = 2.99, 95% CI = 1.45-6.15). Parental lower educational level and low household income were also associated with respiratory illnesses in Thai children under five. Conclusions: Thai children who are exposed to SHS are at nearly 4 times greater risk of developing acute lower respiratory conditions. Continued effort is needed in Thailand to eliminate children's exposure to SHS, especially at home. © 2013 Charoenca et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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