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Title: Health-care associated infections in Thailand 2011
Authors: Yong Rongrungruang
Narumol Sawanpanyalert
Patcharin Chomdacha
Kunlayanee Surasarang
Natcha Wiruchkul
Kanchana Kachintorn
Peangpim Tantilipikara
Somwang Danchaivijitr
Mahidol University
Thailand Ministry of Public Health
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2013
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.96, No.SUPPL2 (2013)
Abstract: Objective: To study the recent trend of health-care associated infections (HAIs) across Thailand. Material and Method: Using the modified international HAI definitions, the investigators conducted a prospective, nationwide, multi-centered survey to determine a 1-day point-prevalence of HAIs among hospitalized patients in the 47 acute care, primary to tertiary hospitals in January 2011. Results: Of total 10,762 patients (female 50.6%, mean age 44.2 ± 27.3 years) enrolled in the study, 780 had HAIs or the average prevalence of HAIs was 7.3% (range 2.8-8.5%). Highest rates of HAIs were found in other hospitals (other type of tertiary-care facilities), intensive care units and lower respiratory tracts when stratified by type of hospital, unit of service and site of HAIs, respectively. Gram negative bacteria remained predominant among etiologic agents causing HAIs, as in prior studies. Acinetobacter spp., however, emerged as the most common organism. At the time of study, 49.3% of all patients received one or more antimicrobial agents. Among the patients with HAIs, cephalosporins were the most commonly used. Conclusion: Recently, no significant change on nationwide prevalence and trend of HAIs in Thailand were demonstrated. Notably, Acinetobacter spp. emerged as the most common etiologic agents of HAIs.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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