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Title: Tuberculous hepatitis in renal transplant recipients following alemtuzumab induction therapy
Authors: W. Bosch
N. Poowanawittayakom
K. Chaikriangkrai
J. Mendez
W. C. Hellinger
T. A. Gonwa
M. Krishna
S. Pungpapong
Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2013
Citation: Transplant Infectious Disease. Vol.15, No.1 (2013)
Abstract: Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is one of many opportunistic infections in renal transplant recipients, arising either from reactivation of latent infection or de novo infection, occasionally donor derived. M. tuberculosis hepatitis has never been reported in patients who have received alemtuzumab as part of their renal transplant management. We describe 2 patients who underwent deceased-donor renal transplantation following alemtuzumab induction therapy and presented with a febrile syndrome, subsequently diagnosed as tuberculous hepatitis, one with disseminated disease. Both responded well to treatment without significant side effects, resulting in excellent graft function. The importance of chemoprophylaxis should be emphasized to minimize the risk of developing active tuberculosis in patients with latent tuberculosis infection undergoing solid organ transplantation. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
ISSN: 13993062
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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