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Title: Zederone, a sesquiterpene from curcuma elata roxb, is hepatotoxic in mice
Authors: Prapapan Pimkaew
Kanoknetr Suksen
Koravit Somkid
Ratchanaporn Chokchaisiri
Surawat Jariyawat
Aporn Chuncharunee
Apichart Suksamrarn
Pawinee Piyachaturawat
Mahidol University
Ramkhamhaeng University
University of Phayao
Keywords: Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2013
Citation: International Journal of Toxicology. Vol.32, No.6 (2013), 454-462
Abstract: The present study aimed to investigate the hepatotoxicity of zederone isolated from Curcuma elata in mice. Adult male mice were intraperitoneally injected with a single dose of zederone (50-300 mg/kg body weight [BW]). Twenty-four hours after the injection, zederone induced liver enlargement with scattered white foci over the organ. The medium lethal dose (LD50) value at 24 hours of zederone was approximately 223 mg/kg BW. Hepatic centrilobular necrosis with marked increases in plasma alanine transaminase activity and total bilirubin levels was observed. Zederone at a dose of 200 mg/kg BW markedly decreased the activity of superoxide dismutase and the hepatic glutathione content, whereas the activity of catalase was not altered. The compound at this dose also increased the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of Cyp2b10 and Cyp3a11, which are the main drug-metabolizing enzymes in the liver. The mRNA expression of proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor α was increased. The nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 protein, which is the transcription factor regulating the antioxidant gene expression, was decreased. The histopathology of massive hepatic centrilobular necrosis with an increase in the expression of cytochrome P450 (Cyp) suggests that the possible potentiation of zederone-induced hepatotoxicity implicated the induction of Cyps, which leads to the formation of biological reactive metabolites and that cause the oxidative stress and liver cell injuries. © 2013 The Author(s).
ISSN: 1092874X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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