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|Title:||Differential roles of an Anopheline midgut GPI-anchored protein in mediating Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax ookinete invasion|
|Authors:||Derrick K. Mathias|
Juliette G. Jardim
Lindsay A. Parish
Jennifer S. Armistead
Hung V. Trinh
Rhoel R. Dinglasan
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
|Keywords:||Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine|
|Citation:||Infection, Genetics and Evolution. Vol.28, (2014), 635-647|
|Abstract:||© 2014 Elsevier B.V. Novel strategies to directly thwart malaria transmission are needed to maintain the gains achieved by current control measures. Transmission-blocking interventions (TBIs), namely vaccines and drugs targeting parasite or mosquito molecules required for vector-stage parasite development, have been recognized as promising approaches for preventing malaria transmission. However, the number of TBI targets is limited and their degree of conservation among the major vector-parasite systems causing human disease is unclear. Therefore, discovery and characterization of novel proteins involved in vector-stage parasite development of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax is paramount. We mined the recent Anopheles gambiae midgut lipid raft proteome for putative mosquito-derived TBI targets and characterized a secreted glycoconjugate of unknown function, AgSGU. We analyzed molecular variation in this protein among a range of anopheline mosquitoes, determined its transcriptomic and proteomic profiles, and conducted both standard and direct membrane feeding assays with P. falciparum (lab/field) and P. vivax (field) in An. gambiae and Anopheles dirus. We observed that α-AgSGU antibodies significantly reduced midgut infection intensity for both lab and field isolates of P. falciparum in An. gambiae and An. dirus. However, no transmission-reducing effects were noted when comparable concentrations of antibodies were included in P. vivax-infected blood meals. Although antibodies against AgSGU exhibit transmission-reducing activity, the high antibody titer required for achieving 80% reduction in oocyst intensity precludes its consideration as a malaria mosquito-based TBI candidate. However, our results suggest that P. falciparum and P. vivax ookinetes use a different repertoire of midgut surface glycoproteins for invasion and that α-AgSGU antibodies, as well as antibodies to other mosquito-midgut microvillar surface proteins, may prove useful as tools for interrogating Plasmodium-mosquito interactions.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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