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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/33054
Title: Disulfide Linkages in Plasmodium falciparum plasmepsin-I are essential elements for its processing activity and multi-milligram recombinant production yield
Authors: Sirisak Lolupiman
Pilaiwan Siripurkpong
Jirundon Yuvaniyama
Mahidol University
Thammasat University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine
Issue Date: 20-Feb-2014
Citation: PLoS ONE. Vol.9, No.2 (2014)
Abstract: Plasmodium falciparum plasmepsin-I (PM-I) has been considered a potential drug target for the parasite that causes fatal malaria in human. Determination of PM-I structures for rational design of its inhibitors is hindered by the difficulty in obtaining large quantity of soluble enzyme. Nearly all attempts for its heterologous expression in Escherichia coli result in the production of insoluble proteins in both semi-pro-PM-I and its truncated form, and thus require protein refolding. Moreover, the yields of purified, soluble PM-I from all reported studies are very limited. Exclusion of truncated semi-pro-PM-I expression in E. coli C41(DE3) is herein reported. We also show that the low preparation yield of purified semi-pro-PM-I with autoprocessing ability is mainly a result of structural instability of the refolded enzyme in acidic conditions due to incomplete formation of disulfide linkages. Upon formation of at least one of the two natural disulfide bonds, nearly all of the refolded semi-pro-PM-I could be activated to its mature form. A significantly improved yield of 10 mg of semi-pro-PM-I per liter of culture, which resulted in 6-8 mg of the mature PM-I, was routinely obtained using this strategy. © 2014 Lolupiman et al.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84895884325&origin=inward
http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/33054
ISSN: 19326203
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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