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Title: The iron-sulphur cluster biosynthesis regulator IscR contributes to iron homeostasis and resistance to oxidants in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Authors: Adisak Romsang
Jintana Duang-Nkern
Panithi Leesukon
Kritsakorn Saninjuk
Paiboon Vattanaviboon
Skorn Mongkolsuk
Mahidol University
Chulabhorn Research Institute
Chulabhorn Graduate Institute
Thailand Ministry of Education
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 22-Jan-2014
Citation: PLoS ONE. Vol.9, No.1 (2014)
Abstract: IscR is a global transcription regulator responsible for governing various physiological processes during growth and stress responses. The IscR-mediated regulation of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa isc operon, which is involved in iron-sulphur cluster ([Fe-S]) biogenesis, was analysed. The expression of iscR was highly induced through the exposure of the bacteria to various oxidants, such as peroxides, redox-cycling drugs, intracellular iron-chelating agents, and high salts. Two putative type 1 IscR-binding sites were found around RNA polymerase recognition sites, in which IscR-promoter binding could preclude RNA polymerase from binding to the promoter and resulting in repression of the isc operon expression. An analysis of the phenotypes of mutants and cells with altered gene expression revealed the diverse physiological roles of this regulator. High-level IscR strongly inhibited anaerobic, but not aerobic, growth. iscR contributes significantly to the bacteria overall resistance to oxidative stress, as demonstrated through mutants with increased sensitivity to oxidants, such as peroxides and redox-cycling drugs. Moreover, the regulator also plays important roles in modulating intracellular iron homeostasis, potentially through sensing the levels of [Fe-S]. The increased expression of the isc operon in the mutant not only diverts iron away from the available pool but also reduces the total intracellular iron content, affecting many iron metabolism pathways leading to alterations in siderophores and haem levels. The diverse expression patterns and phenotypic changes of the mutant support the role of P. aeruginosa IscR as a global transcriptional regulator that senses [Fe-S] and directly represses or activates the transcription of genes affecting many physiological pathways. © 2014 Romsang et al.
ISSN: 19326203
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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