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|Title:||Cytogenetic, cross-mating and molecular evidence of four cytological races of Anopheles crawfordi (Diptera: Culicidae) in Thailand and Cambodia|
Chiang Mai University
Prince of Songkla University
Thailand Ministry of Public Health
National Center for Parasitology, Entomology and Malaria Control
|Keywords:||Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology|
|Citation:||Comptes Rendus - Biologies. Vol.337, No.11 (2014), 625-634|
|Abstract:||© 2014 Académie des sciences. Twenty-nine isolines of Anopheles crawfordi were established from wild-caught females collected from cow-baited traps in Thailand and Cambodia. Three types of X (X<inf>1</inf>, X<inf>2</inf>, X<inf>3</inf>) and four types of Y (Y<inf>1</inf>, Y<inf>2</inf>, Y<inf>3</inf>, and Y<inf>4</inf>) chromosomes were identified, according to differing amounts of extra heterochromatin. These sex chromosomes represent four metaphase karyotypes, i.e., Forms A (X<inf>1</inf>, X<inf>2</inf>, X<inf>3</inf>, Y<inf>1</inf>), B (X<inf>1</inf>, X<inf>2</inf>, X<inf>3</inf>, Y<inf>2</inf>), C (X<inf>2</inf>, Y<inf>3</inf>) and D (X<inf>2</inf>, Y<inf>4</inf>). Forms C and D are novel metaphase karyotypes confined to Thailand, whereas forms A and B appear to be common in both Thailand and Cambodia. Cross-mating experiments between the four karyotypic forms indicated genetic compatibility in yielding viable progenies and synaptic salivary gland polytene chromosomes. The results suggest that the forms are conspecific and A. crawfordi comprises four cytological races, which is further supported by very low intraspecific variation (mean genetic distance = 0.000-0.018) of the nucleo.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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