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Title: Parasite and viral species richness of Southeast Asian bats: Fragmentation of area distribution matters
Authors: Noellie Gay
Kevin J. Olival
Sara Bumrungsri
Boripat Siriaroonrat
Mathieu Bourgarel
Serge Morand
Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution UMR 5554
EcoHealth Alliance
Zoological Park Organization
Prince of Songkla University
Mahidol University
Mahasarakham University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife. Vol.3, No.2 (2014), 161-170
Abstract: Interest in bat-borne diseases and parasites has grown in the past decade over concerns for human health. However, the drivers of parasite diversity among bat host species are understudied as are the links between parasite richness and emerging risks. Thus, we aimed at exploring factors that explain macro and microparasite species richness in bats from Southeast Asia, a hotspot of emerging infectious diseases. First, we identified bat species that need increased sampling effort for pathogen discovery. Our approach highlights pathogen investigation disparities among species within the same genus, such as Rhinolophus and Pteropus. Secondly, comparative analysis using independent contrasts method allowed the identification of likely factors explaining parasite and viral diversity of bats. Our results showed a key role of bat distribution shape, an index of the fragmentation of bat distribution, on parasite diversity, linked to a decrease for both viral and endoparasite species richness. We discuss how our study may contribute to a better understanding of the link between parasite species richness and emergence. © 2014 The Authors.
ISSN: 22132244
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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