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Title: Hand grip strength and associated factors in non-institutionalised men and women 50 years and older in South Africa
Authors: Shandir Ramlagan
Karl Peltzer
Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya
Human Sciences Research Council of South Africa
Limpopo University
Mahidol University
Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine
Issue Date: 7-Jan-2014
Citation: BMC Research Notes. Vol.7, No.1 (2014)
Abstract: Background:Little is known about the prevalence,predictors and gender differences in hand grip strength of older adults in Africa.This study aims to investigate social and health differences in hand grip strength among older adults in a national probability sample of older South Africans who participated in the Study of Global Ageing and Adults Health SAGE wave in 2008.Methods.We conducted a national populationbased cross sectional study with a sample of 3840 men and women aged 50 years or older in South Africa.The questionnaire included socio demographic characteristics,health variables,and anthropometric measurements.Linear multivariate regression analysis was performed to assess the association of social factors,health variables and grip strength.Results:The mean overall hand grip strength was 37.9 kgs for men mean age 61.1 years,SD = 9.1 and 31.5 kgs for women mean age 62.0 years,SD =9.7.In multivariate analysis among men,greater height,not being underweight and lower functional disability was associated with greater grip strength,and among women, greater height,better cognitive functioning, and lower functional disability were associated with greater grip strength.Conclusions: Greater height and lower functional disability were found for both older South African men and women to be significantly associated with grip strength.©2014 Ramlagan et al.;licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
ISSN: 17560500
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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