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Title: Engineering of chimeric catalase-Angiopep-2 for intracellular protection of brain endothelial cells against oxidative stress
Authors: Sakda Yainoy
Patcharaporn Houbloyfa
Warawan Eiamphungporn
Chartchalerm Isarankura-Na-Ayudhya
Virapong Prachayasittikul
Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. Vol.68, (2014), 60-66
Abstract: Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption and brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMVECs) death caused by excessive production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) have been implicated in several neurological conditions. To overcome this problem, H2O2-degrading enzyme with ability to enter the BMVECs is required. In the present study, genetic fusion of gene encoding human catalase and gene encoding Angiopep-2 (AP2), a brain targeting peptide, was performed. The fusion protein was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. The protein retained heme content and specific enzymatic activity in the same order of magnitude as that of native enzyme. Study of the BMVECs internalization showed that 0.1μM of the fusion protein can enter the cell within 15min, while internalization of the native protein was not observed at this condition. In addition, treatment of the BMVECs with 20 units of the fusion protein for 30min showed protection against H2O2up to 5.0mM, whereas this protective effect was not observed from treatment with the native protein. Therefore, construction of chimeric human catalase and AP2 provides an insight into the development of potential therapeutic antioxidant with ability to penetrate the BBB for protection against neurodegenerative disorders. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 18790003
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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