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Title: Detection of diketopiperazine and pyrrolnitrin, compounds with anti-Pythium insidiosum activity, in a Pseudomonas stutzeri environmental strain
Authors: Yordhathai Thongsri
Chantana Aromdee
Chavi Yenjai
Somdej Kanokmedhakul
Angkana Chaiprasert
Petr Hamal
Chularut Prariyachatigul
Khon Kaen University
Mahidol University
University Hospital Olomouc
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: Biomedical Papers. Vol.158, No.3 (2014), 378-383
Abstract: © 2014, PALACKY UNIV. All rights reserved. Methods. A total of 88 bacterial strains were isolated from water resources in northeastern Thailand. Two screening methods were used to establish their inhibitory effects on P. insidiosum. One strain, P. stutzeri ST1302 was randomly chosen, and the extract with anti-P. insidiosum activity was fractionated and subfractionated using liquid column chromatography and purified by thin layer chromatography. The chemical structure of purified fractions was determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry. Further, search for genes involved in the anti-Pythium activity (phenazine-1-carboxylic acid, 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol, pyoluteorin and pyrrolnitrin) was undertaken in this P. stutzeri strain using primers described in the literature.Aims. Screening of bacterial flora for strains producing metabolites with inhibitory effects on the human pathogenic oomycete Pythium insidiosum. Separation and characterization of extracts from Pseudomonas stutzeri with anti-Pythium inhibitory activity. Search for genes with anti-Pythium effect within the genome of P. stutzeri.Results. Anti-P. insidiosum activity was detected in 16 isolates (18.2%). In P. stutzeri ST1302, a subfraction labeled PYK7 exhibited strong activity against this oomycete. It was assigned to the diketopiperazines as cyclo(D-Pro-L-Val). In the search for genes, one gene region was successfully amplified. This corresponded to pyrrolnitrin. The results suggest the possibility of using the related metabolites against P. insidiosum. This is the first report on the inhibitory effects of P. stutzeri against this oomycete. The results may contribute to the development of antimicrobial drugs/probiotics against pythiosis.
ISSN: 18047521
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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