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|Title:||Identification and characterization of a QM protein as a possible peptidoglycan recognition protein (PGRP) from the giant tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon|
Timothy W. Flegel
Evolutionary Biology Centre
Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology|
|Citation:||Developmental and Comparative Immunology. Vol.46, No.2 (2014), 146-154|
|Abstract:||In an attempt to identify a peptidoglycan recognition protein (PGRP) in Penaeus (Penaeus) monodon, in vitro pull-down binding assays were used between shrimp proteins and purified peptidoglycan (PG). By gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry followed by Mascot program analysis, proteins from shrimp hemocyte peripheral membrane proteins showed significant homology to records for a QM protein, actin and prophenoloxidase 2 precursor (proPO2), while proteins from cell-free plasma showed significant homology to records for a vitellogenin, a fibrinogen related protein (FREP) and a C-type lectin. Due to time and resource limitations, specific binding to PG was examined only for recombinant PmQM protein and PmLec that were synthesized based on sequences reported in the Genbank database (accession numbers FJ766846 and DQ078266, respectively). An in vitro assay revealed that hemocytes would bind with and encapsulate agarose beads coated with recombinant PmQM (rPmQM) or rPmLec and that melanization followed 2. h post-encapsulation. ELISA tests confirmed specific binding of rPmQM protein to PG. This is the first time that PmQM has been reported as a potential PGRP in shrimp or any other crustacean. The two other potential PGRP identified (FREP and the vitellin-like protein present in male P. monodon, unlike other vitellin subunits) should also be expressed heterologously and tested for their ability to activate shrimp hemocytes. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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