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Title: Humans and ferrets with prior H1N1 influenza virus infections do not exhibit evidence of original antigenic sin after infection or vaccination with the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus
Authors: Christopher D. O'Donnell
Amber Wright
Leatrice Vogel
Kobporn Boonnak
John J. Treanor
Kanta Subbarao
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
University of Rochester Medical Center
National Academy of Sciences
University of Washington, Seattle
Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. Vol.21, No.5 (2014), 737-746
Abstract: The hypothesis of original antigenic sin (OAS) states that the imprint established by an individual's first influenza virus infection governs the antibody response thereafter. Subsequent influenza virus infection results in an antibody response against the original infecting virus and an impaired immune response against the newer influenza virus. The purpose of our study was to seek evidence of OAS after infection or vaccination with the 2009 pandemic H1N1 (2009 pH1N1) virus in ferrets and humans previously infected with H1N1 viruses with various antigenic distances from the 2009 pH1N1 virus, including viruses from 1935 through 1999. In ferrets, seasonal H1N1 priming did not diminish the antibody response to infection or vaccination with the 2009 pH1N1 virus, nor did it diminish the T-cell response, indicating the absence of OAS in seasonal H1N1 virus-primed ferrets. Analysis of paired samples of human serum taken before and after vaccination with a monovalent inactivated 2009 pH1N1 vaccine showed a significantly greater-fold rise in the titer of antibody against the 2009 pH1N1 virus than against H1N1 viruses that circulated during the childhood of each subject. Thus, prior experience with H1N1 viruses did not result in an impairment of the antibody response against the 2009 pH1N1 vaccine. Our data from ferrets and humans suggest that prior exposure to H1N1 viruses did not impair the immune response against the 2009 pH1N1 virus. Copyright © 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN: 1556679X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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