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Title: Condensed-mode cooling for ethylene polymerization: The influence of inert condensing agent on the polymerization rate
Authors: Montree Namkajorn
Arash Alizadeh
Ekasith Somsook
Timothy F.L. McKenna
Mahidol University
LCPP Laboratoire de Chimie et Procedes de Polymerisation
Dutch Polymer Institute - DPI
Queen's University, Kingston
Keywords: Chemistry;Materials Science;Physics and Astronomy
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics. Vol.215, No.9 (2014), 873-878
Abstract: Inert condensing agents (ICAs) are used principally to cool down gas-phase fluidized bed reactors used to polymerize ethylene over supported catalysts. While these ICAs are chemically inert, it appears that they might nevertheless increase the polymerization rate. n-Hexane is used as an ICA, and an enhancement in the instantaneous rate of ethylene polymerization in the gas phase is observed. This is attributed to a rise in the local ethylene concentration in the amorphous polymer phase surrounding the active sites, due to increases in both the solubility and diffusivity of ethylene in the amorphous polymer. In addition, the polymer particles have a smoother surface with less formation of fiber-like substructures as the n-hexane concentration increases. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
ISSN: 15213935
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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