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|Title:||Condensed-mode cooling for ethylene polymerization: The influence of inert condensing agent on the polymerization rate|
Timothy F.L. McKenna
LCPP Laboratoire de Chimie et Procedes de Polymerisation
Dutch Polymer Institute - DPI
Queen's University, Kingston
|Keywords:||Chemistry;Materials Science;Physics and Astronomy|
|Citation:||Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics. Vol.215, No.9 (2014), 873-878|
|Abstract:||Inert condensing agents (ICAs) are used principally to cool down gas-phase fluidized bed reactors used to polymerize ethylene over supported catalysts. While these ICAs are chemically inert, it appears that they might nevertheless increase the polymerization rate. n-Hexane is used as an ICA, and an enhancement in the instantaneous rate of ethylene polymerization in the gas phase is observed. This is attributed to a rise in the local ethylene concentration in the amorphous polymer phase surrounding the active sites, due to increases in both the solubility and diffusivity of ethylene in the amorphous polymer. In addition, the polymer particles have a smoother surface with less formation of fiber-like substructures as the n-hexane concentration increases. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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