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Title: Identification of ischemic heart disease via machine learning analysis on magnetocardiograms
Authors: Tanawut Tantimongcolwat
Thanakorn Naenna
Chartchalerm Isarankura-Na-Ayudhya
Embrechts, Mark J.
Virapong Prachayasittikul
Mahidol University. Faculty of Engineering. Department of Industrial Engineering
Keywords: Ischemia;Magnetocardiography;Machine learning;Back-propagation neural network;Self-organizing map
Issue Date: Jun-2008
Citation: Computers In Biology And Medicine. Vol. 38, No. 7 (2008), 817-825
Abstract: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is predominantly the leading cause of death worldwide. Early detection of IHD may effectively prevent severity and reduce mortality rate. Recently, magnetocardiography (MCG) has been developed for the detection of heart malfunction. Although MCG is capable of monitoring the abnormal patterns of magnetic field as emitted by physiologically defective heart, data interpretation is time-consuming and requires highly trained professional. Hence, we propose an automatic method for the interpretation of IHD pattern of MCG recordings using machine learning approaches. Two types of machine learning techniques, namely back-propagation neural network (BNN) and direct kernel self-organizing map (DK-SOM), were applied to explore the IHD pattern recorded by MCG. Data sets were obtained by sequential measurement of magnetic field emitted by cardiac muscle of 125 individuals. Data were divided into training set and testing set of 74 cases and 51 cases, respectively. Predictive performance was obtained by both machine learning approaches. The BNN exhibited sensitivity of 89.7%, specificity of 54.5% and accuracy of 74.5%, while the DK-SOM provided relatively higher prediction performance with a sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 86.2%, 72.7% and 80.4%, respectively. This finding suggests a high potential of applying machine learning approaches for high-throughput detection of IHD from MCG data
Appears in Collections:EG-Article

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