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Title: Degree of conversion and monomer elution of CQ/amine and TPO adhesives
Authors: Pong Pongprueksa
Vesna Miletic
Henriette Janssens
Kirsten L. Van Landuyt
Jan De Munck
Lode Godderis
Bart Van Meerbeek
KU Leuven
Mahidol University
University of Belgrade
Keywords: Dentistry;Engineering;Materials Science
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: Dental Materials. Vol.30, No.6 (2014), 695-701
Abstract: Objective To evaluate the effect of photo-initiator on the degree of conversion (DC) and elution of Bis-GMA and HEMA for 8 one-step adhesive formulations. Methods We used Scotchbond Universal ('SBU-CQ/amine-4.0', 3M ESPE), containing about 2 wt% camphorquinone (CQ) and 2 wt% ethyl-4- dimethylamino benzoate (EDMAB), an experimental 'SBU-TPO-2.1' version, containing 2.1 wt% diphenyl(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)phosphine oxide (TPO), and 6 experimental LUB adhesives (Kuraray Noritake), namely 'LUB-CQ/amine-0.7', 'LUB-CQ/amine-1.4', 'LUB-CQ/amine-4.0', 'LUB-TPO-0.35', 'LUB-TPO-0.7' and 'LUB-TPO-2.0', respectively containing 0.35 wt% CQ and 0.35 wt% EDMAB, 0.7 wt% CQ and 0.7 wt% EDMAB, 2.0 wt% CQ and 2.0 wt% EDMAB, 0.35 wt% TPO, 0.7 wt% TPO, and 2.0 wt% TPO. DC was measured using micro-Raman spectroscopy. Additional specimens were immersed in ethanol for 24 h to determine the elution of Bis-GMA and HEMA using HPLC. Results DC of the respective SBU and LUB adhesives was alike at high photo-initiator concentration. At low concentration, TPO was significantly more efficient than CQ/amine (LUB adhesives only). A statistically significant positive photo-initiator concentration effect on DC was noted for both CQ/amine and TPO (LUB adhesives only). A statistically significant inverse photo-initiator concentration effect on HEMA elution was noted for both the CQ/amine- and TPO-containing LUB adhesives. A significantly strong correlation was found between DC and Bis-GMA elution (R2= 0.744, p = 0.026), and between DC and HEMA elution (R2= 0.913, p = 0.002) for the LUB adhesives. Significance The photo-initiator kind and concentration affect DC and the Bis-GMA/HEMA elution. TPO can be used as an alternative photo-initiator for CQ/amine. © 2014 Academy of Dental Materials.
ISSN: 01095641
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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