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Title: Enhanced cadmium (Cd) phytoextraction from contaminated soil using Cd-resistant bacterium
Authors: Kunchaya Setkit
Acharaporn Kumsopa
Jaruwan Wongthanate
Benjaphorn Prapagdee
Mahidol University
Keywords: Environmental Science;Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: EnvironmentAsia. Vol.7, No.1 (2014), 89-94
Abstract: A cadmium (Cd)-resistant bacterium, Micrococcus sp. MU1, is able to produce indole-3-acetic acid and promotes root elongation and plant growth. The potential of this bacterium on enhancement of Cd uptake and bioaccumulation of Cd in Helianthus annuus L. planted in Cd-contaminated soil was evaluated in greenhouse condition. The results showed that Micrococcus sp. MU1promoted the growth of H. annuus L. by increasing the root length, stem height, dry biomass, root to shoot ratio and also significantly increased Cd accumulation in the root and above-ground tissues of H. annuus L. compared to uninoculated control. Re-inoculation with Micrococcus sp. MU1in contaminated soil helped in promoting plant growth and Cd phytoextraction throughout the cultivation period. In addition, phytoextraction coefficient and translocation factor (TF) of H. annuus L. inoculated with Micrococcus sp. MU1were higher than that of uninoculated control and TF continuously increased with time. Our results suggested that Micrococcus sp. MU1 has an ability to enhance plant growth and Cd uptake in H. annuus L. Synergistic interaction between Micrococcus sp. MU1 and H. annuus L. could be further applied for Cd phytoextraction in polluted areas.
ISSN: 19061714
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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