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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/34102
Title: Biology, genome organization, and evolution of parvoviruses in marine shrimp
Authors: Arun K. Dhar
Refugio Robles-Sikisaka
Vanvimon Saksmerprome
Dilip K. Lakshman
BrioBiotech
University of California, San Diego
Mahidol University
Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
USDA Agricultural Research Service, Washington DC
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: Advances in Virus Research. Vol.89, (2014), 85-139
Abstract: As shrimp aquaculture has evolved from a subsistent farming activity to an economically important global industry, viral diseases have also become a serious threat to the sustainable growth and productivity of this industry. Parvoviruses represent an economically important group of viruses that has greatly affected shrimp aquaculture. In the early 1980s, an outbreak of a shrimp parvovirus, infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV), led to the collapse of penaeid shrimp farming in theAmericas. Since then, considerable progress has been made in characterizing the parvoviruses of shrimp and developing diagnostic methods aimed to preventing the spread of diseases caused by these viruses. To date, four parvoviruses are known that infect shrimp; these include IHHNV, hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV), spawner-isolated mortality virus (SMV), and lymphoid organ parvo-like virus. Due to the economic repercussions that IHHNV and HPV outbreaks have caused to shrimp farming over the years, studies have been focused mostly on these two pathogens, while information on SMV and LPV remains limited. IHHNV was the first shrimp virus to be sequenced and the first for which highly sensitive diagnostic methods were developed. IHHNV-resistant lines of shrimp were also developed to mitigate the losses caused by this virus. While the losses due to IHHNV have been largely contained in recent years, reports of HPV-induced mortalities in larval stages in hatchery and losses due to reduced growth have increased.This review presents a comprehensive account of the history and current knowledge on the biology, diagnostics methods, genomic features, mechanisms of evolution, and management strategies of shrimp parvoviruses. We also highlighted areas where research efforts should be focused in order to gain further insight on the mechanisms of parvoviral pathogenicity in shrimp that will help to prevent future losses caused by these viruses. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84898924013&origin=inward
http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/34102
ISSN: 15578399
00653527
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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