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Title: Non-invasive cardiac output assessment in critically ill paediatric patients
Authors: Theeranan Wongsirimetheekul
Anant Khositseth
Rojjanee Lertbunrian
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: Acta Cardiologica. Vol.69, No.2 (2014), 167-173
Abstract: Objective Recently, non-invasive methods for cardiac output (CO) assessment have been developed including the ultrasonic cardiac output monitor (USCOM). This technique uses the same concept as Doppler echocardiography but differs in two aspects including continuous wave (CW) Doppler and estimated outflow tract diameter (OTD) used in USCOM compared to pulsed wave Doppler and directed measurement of OTD used in echocardiography. We sought to assess the agreement between CO assessment by USCOM and echocardiography in critically ill paediatric patients. Methods Paired measurements of CO in critically ill paediatric patients were simultaneously and independently obtained by USCOM and echocardiography. Agreement between OTD, velocity time integral (VTI), CO, and cardiac index (CI) were assessed by percentage error and Bland-Altman analysis. Results Thirty-four children (aged 7.86 ± 5.78 years, 44.1% male) had a mean OTD (1.47 ± 0.38, 1.41 ± 0.40), VTI (19.13 ± 6.06, 23.53 ± 7.31 cm), CO (3.88 ± 2.19, 4.41 ± 2.83 l/min) and CI (4.23 ± 1.19, 4.77 ± 1.43 l/min/m2) by echocardiography and USCOM, respectively. Bias ± precision and percentage of error of OTD, VTI, CO, and CI were -0.07 ± 0.20 cm, 27.80%; -4.40 ± 3.84 cm, 31.99%; -0.53 ± 1.23 l/min, 54.66%; and 0.54 ± 1.03 l/min/m2, 42.32%, respectively. The bias ± precision and percentage error were more important in patients with septic shock (n = 16). Conclusion USCOM was an unreliable tool for absolute value measurement of CO and CI due to the errors of VTI by CW Doppler.
ISSN: 03737934
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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