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Title: Comparative study on the characteristics of Meckel's Diverticulum removal from asymptomatic and symptomatic patients: 18-year experience from Thailand's largest University Hospital
Authors: Varut Lohsiriwat
Thana Sirivech
Mongkol Laohapensang
Ananya Pongpaibul
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.97, No.5 (2014), 506-512
Abstract: Objective: To report an experience with Meckel's diverticulum (MD) from a University Hospital in Thailand, and to compare the characteristics of MD removal from asymptomatic patients and symptomatic patients. Material and Method: The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients undergoing the resection of MD between January 1994 and July 2011 at the Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok. The patients were subsequently divided into two groups. The asymptomatic group included individuals with MD that were found incidentally during the course of laparotomy performed for reasons not related to the complications of the MD. The symptomatic group included individuals presenting with complications related to the MD. Data were recorded including patient's demographics, clinical presentation, histopathologic findings, and postoperative outcomes. Results: The present study included 84 patients (53 males, 63%). Of whom, 60 patients (71%) were pediatric (age <16 years) and 51 patients (61%) were symptomatic. The most common presentation of symptomatic MDs in pediatric and adult patients was lower gastrointestinal bleeding and mechanical small bowel obstruction, respectively. The correct preoperative diagnosis of MD was made in only 20 patients (39%) of the symptomatic group, all with 99mTc-pertechnetate scanning. The MDs in the symptomatic group were significantly longer with a wider base than those in the asymptomatic group, 3.2 vs. 2.0 cm in length (p = 0.001) and 1.8 vs. 1.0 cm in width (p<0.001). Ectopic tissue was present more significant in the symptomatic group than in the asymptomatic group (51% vs. 12%; p<0.001). None of the resected MDs contained neoplasm. There was no significant difference in the morbidity or mortality rate between the symptomatic and asymptomatic groups. Conclusion: The MDs in the symptomatic patients were significantly longer with a wider base than those in the asymptomatic patients. Symptomatic MDs contained ectopic tissue more frequently than asymptomatic MDs.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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