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Title: Functional recovery at 3 months in stroke patients not receiving thrombolytic therapy: The comparison between patients arriving earlier and later than 4.5 hours
Authors: Sujittra Duangjit
Weerasak Muangpaisan
Wattanachai Chotinaiwattarakul
Pornpatr Dharmasaroja
Mahidol University
Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases. Vol.23, No.1 (2014), 91-98
Abstract: Background: We aim to study the recovery of functional abilities of stroke patients who did not receive recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) after treatment for 3 months comparing patients who arrived at a hospital within 4.5 hours and those who arrived after 4.5 hours of symptom onset. Also, we investigated the predictors of the functional recovery and the quality of life (QOL) at 3 months after stroke. Material and Method: Data were collected by interviewing the stroke patients and caregivers twice on Day 1 and at 3 months after the stroke onset. We collected the demographic data, Modified Rankin Scale (mRS), Barthel Index, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), and World Health Organization Quality of Life-Bref-Thai (WHOQOL-Bref-Thai). Results: Eighty-eight and 85 patients arrived at a hospital within 4.5 and after 4.5 hours respectively. At 3 months after treatment, the recovery of stroke patients as assessed by mRS, Barthel Index, and the QOL in both groups did not differ significantly (P >.05). Approximately 80% in both groups had good QOL. Both groups of patients had a similar low stroke awareness and knowledge in terms of risk factors (P =.825) and care of stroke patients (P =.562). Four variables that significantly predicted the improvement of the mRS score at 3 months after treatment were age 60 years and younger, premorbid self-care ability, the NIHSS score of 14 or less and Day 1 mRS score. Conclusion: Stroke patients arriving at the hospital within and after 4.5 hours of the onset who did not receive the rtPA did not have significant differences in the functional outcomes and quality of life at 3 months. However, the eligibility for rtPA is not known before arriving at the hospital so that the necessity of seeking medical treatment as quickly as possible is still warranted. Increasing effective public awareness regarding stroke risk factors and care should be implemented. © 2014 by National Stroke Association.
ISSN: 15328511
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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