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Title: Graft shape affects midfoot correction and forefoot loading mechanics in lateral column lengthening osteotomies
Authors: Josh R. Baxter
Constantine A. Demetracopoulos
Marcelo Pires Prado
Susannah L. Gilbert
Theerawoot Tharmviboonsri
Jonathan T. Deland
Hospital for Special Surgery
Hospital for Special Surgery - New York
Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: Foot and Ankle International. Vol.35, No.11 (2014), 1192-1199
Abstract: © 2014 The Author(s). Background: Adult acquired flatfoot deformity is characterized by midfoot abduction and collapse of the medial longitudinal arch. Lateral column lengthening osteotomies primarily correct the abduction deformity, but the effects of graft shape on deformity correction and forefoot loading are unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to demonstrate the effect of graft shape and taper on deformity correction and forefoot loading mechanics in a cadaveric flatfoot model.Methods: Flatfoot deformity was simulated in 18 cadaveric specimens. A lateral column lengthening osteotomy was performed using a triangular, trapezoidal, and rectangular graft for each specimen. During each testing condition, talonavicular joint angles and forefoot plantar pressures were measured.Results: Each graft shape corrected abduction and dorsiflexion deformity at the talonavicular joint. Coronal plane correction was affected by graft shape, and the less tapered trapezoidal and rectangular grafts overloaded the lateral forefoot compared to the intact condition. The more tapered triangular graft did not cause a lateral shift in forefoot pressures. Forefoot plantar pressures were strongly correlated with talonavicular abduction correction (R2 = .473, P < .001).Conclusion: Graft shape had no effect on the correction of talonavicular abduction or dorsiflexion but did influence coronal plane motion and forefoot loading mechanics. Also, overcorrecting the abduction deformity was predictive of increased lateral plantar pressures. Clinical Relevance: Although overcorrection of the abduction deformity at the midfoot remains the primary determinant of lateral forefoot overload, utilizing a graft with a larger taper may lower the incidence of lateralized forefoot pressure following correction.
ISSN: 19447876
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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