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Title: Restless legs syndrome and pregnancy: A review
Authors: Prachaya Srivanitchapoom
Sanjay Pandey
Mark Hallett
Mahidol University
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
G.B. Pant Hospital India
Keywords: Medicine;Neuroscience
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: Parkinsonism and Related Disorders. Vol.20, No.7 (2014)
Abstract: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common sensorimotor neurological disorder that is diagnosed according to the revised criteria of the International RLS Study Group (IRLSSG). The pathophysiology of RLS is still unknown and its prevalence is influenced by ethnicity, age, and gender. RLS is divided into two types by etiology: primary or idiopathic and secondary. Primary RLS is strongly influenced by a genetic component while secondary RLS is caused by other associated conditions such as end-stage renal disease or peripheral neuropathy. Another common condition associated with RLS is pregnancy. The prevalence of RLS during pregnancy is two to three times higher than in the normal population and is influenced by the trimester and the number of parity. The main mechanisms that may contribute to the pathophysiology of RLS during pregnancy are hormonal changes and iron and folate status. Standard medications for treating RLS during pregnancy are not established. Most medications have been used according to the evidence from non-pregnant patients. Therefore, consideration of the medical treatment for treating RLS during pregnancy should be balanced between the benefit of relieving the symptoms and maternal and fetal risk. In general, the prognosis of RLS during pregnancy is good and symptoms are usually relieved after delivery. © 2014.
ISSN: 18735126
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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