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Title: Current approach to iron chelation in children
Authors: Yesim Aydinok
Antonis Kattamis
Vip Viprakasit
Ege University Medical School
University of Athens Medical School
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: British Journal of Haematology. Vol.165, No.6 (2014), 745-755
Abstract: Transfusion-dependent children, mostly with thalassaemia major, but also and occasionally to a more significant degree, with inherited bone marrow failures, can develop severe iron overload in early life. Moreover, chronic conditions associated with ineffective erythropoiesis, such as non-transfusion-dependent thalassaemia (NTDT), may lead to iron overload through increased gut absorption of iron starting in childhood. Currently, the goal of iron chelation has shifted from treating iron overload to preventing iron accumulation and iron-induced end-organ complications, in order to achieve a normal pattern of complication-free survival and of quality of life. New chelation options increase the likelihood of achieving these goals. Timely initiation, close monitoring and continuous adjustment are the cornerstones of optimal chelation therapy in children, who have a higher transfusional requirements compared to adults in order to reach haemoglobin levels adequate for normal growth and development. Despite increased knowledge, there are still uncertainties about the level of body iron at which iron chelation therapy should be started and about the appropriate degree of iron stores' depletion. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
ISSN: 13652141
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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