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Title: Prevalence and trends of obesity and association with socioeconomic status in Thai adults: National health examination surveys, 1991-2009
Authors: Wichai Aekplakorn
Rungkarn Inthawong
Pattapong Kessomboon
Rassamee Sangthong
Suwat Chariyalertsak
Panwadee Putwatana
Surasak Taneepanichskul
Mahidol University
National Health Examination Survey Office
Khon Kaen University
Prince of Songkla University
Chiang Mai University
Chulalongkorn University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Citation: Journal of Obesity. Vol.2014, (2014)
Abstract: We determined the prevalence of obesity in Thai adults aged 20 and over in 2009 and examined trends of body mass index (BMI) between 1991 and 2009. Data from Thai National Health Examination Survey for 19,181 adults in 2009 and 64,480 adults between 1991 and 2004 were used to calculate age-adjusted mean and prevalence. Logistic regression was used to examine the association of obesity with education level. In 2009, age-adjusted prevalence of obesity classes I (BMI 25-29.9 kg/m2) and II (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) in Thai adults aged ≥20 years were 26.0% and 9.0%, respectively. Compared with primary education, the odds of obesity class I were highest in men with university education. For women, the odds of obesity classes I and II were highest in those with primary education. BMI significantly increased from 21.6 kg/m2in men and 22.8 kg/m2in women in 1991 to 23.3 kg/m2and 24.4 kg/m2in 2009, respectively. The average BMI increases per decade were highest in men with secondary education (1.0 kg/m2, P < 0.001) and in women with primary education with the same rate. There were increasing trends in BMI with slight variation by SES groups in Thai men and women during 1991-2009. © 2014 Wichai Aekplakorn et al.
ISSN: 20900716
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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