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Title: Geographic variation in the elicitin-like glycoprotein, ELI025, of Pythium insidiosum isolated from human and animal subjects
Authors: Tassanee Lerksuthirat
Tassanee Lohnoo
Thidarat Rujirawat
Wanta Yingyong
Nujarin Jongruja
Theerapong Krajaejun
Mahidol University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2015
Citation: Infection, Genetics and Evolution. Vol.35, (2015), 127-133
Abstract: © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Oomycetes are fungus-like in appearance, but form a distinct clade within the eukaryotes. While most pathogenic oomycetes infect plants, the understudied oomycete Pythium insidiosum infects humans and animals, and causes a life-threatening infectious disease, called pythiosis. Phylogenetic analyses divide P. insidiosum into 3 groups, according to geographic origins: Clade-I (Americas), Clade-II (Asia and Australia), and Clade-III (Thailand). Surgical removal of the infected organ is the inevitable treatment for patients with pythiosis, but it is often too late or unsuccessful, and many patients die from advanced infection. Understanding P. insidiosum's basic biology could lead to improved infection control. Elicitins, a unique group of proteins found only in oomycetes, are involved in sterol acquisition and stimulation of host responses. Recently, we identified glycosylated and non-glycosylated forms of the elicitin-like protein, ELI025, which is secreted by P. insidiosum, and detected during P. insidiosum infection. In this study, we investigated geographic variation of ELI025 in 24 P. insidiosum strains isolated from humans, animals, and the environment. Genotypes of ELI025, based on 2 sets of PCR primers, correlated well with rDNA-based phylogenetic grouping. Unlike strains in Clade-I and -II, Clade-III strains secreted no glycosylated ELI025. Sera from 17 pythiosis patients yielded a broad range of antibody responses against ELI025, and ~30% lacked reactivity against the protein. Selective production or secretion of glycosylated ELI025 by different P. insidiosum strains might contribute to the variable host antibody responses. In conclusion, ELI025 was secreted by all P. insidiosum strains isolated from different hosts and geographic origins, but the protein had different biochemical, and immunological characteristics. These finding contribute to the better understanding of the biology and evolution of P. insidiosum, and could lead to appropriate clinical application of the ELI025 protein for diagnosis or treatment of pythiosis.
ISSN: 15677257
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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