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Title: Global, regional, and national consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, fruit juices, and milk: A systematic assessment of beverage intake in 187 countries
Authors: Gitanjali M. Singh
Renata Micha
Shahab Khatibzadeh
Peilin Shi
Stephen Lim
Kathryn G. Andrews
Rebecca E. Engell
Majid Ezzati
Dariush Mozaffarian
Saman Fahimi
John Powles
Ibrahim Elmadfa
Mayuree Rao
Pattra Wirojratana
Pamela A. Abbott
Morteza Abdollahi
Enrique Abeyá Gilardon
Habibul Ahsan
Mohannad Abed Alfattah Al Nsour
Suad N. Al-Hooti
Carukshi Arambepola
Hubert Arennes
Simon Arquera
Ana Aylin
Wulf Becker
Peter Bjerregaard
Lesley T. Bourne
Neville Calleja
Mario V. Capanzana
Katia Castetbon
Hsing Yi Chang
Yu Chen
Melanie J. Cowan
Stefaan De Henauw
Eric L. Ding
Charmaine A. Duante
Pablo Duran
Heléne Enghardt Arbieri
Farshad Farzadfar
Dulitha N. Fernando
Aida Filipovic Hadziomeragic
Regina M. Fisberg
Simon Forsyth
Didier Garriguet
Jean Michel Gaspoz
Dorothy Gauci
Brahmam N.V. Ginnela
Idris Guessous
Martin C. Gulliford
Wilbur Hadden
Christian Haerpfer
Daniel J. Hoffman
Anahita Houshiar-Rad
Inge Huybrechts
Nahla C. Hwalla
Hajah Masni Ibrahim
Manami Inoue
Maria D. Jackson
Lars Johansson
Lital Keinan-Boker
Cho Il Kim
Eda Koksal
Hae Jeung Lee
Yanping Li
Nur Indrawaty Lipoeto
Guansheng Ma
Guadalupe L. Mangialavori
Yasuhiro Matsumura
Stephen T. McGarvey
Mei Fen Chan
Gert B.M. Mensink
Rafael A. Monge-Rojas
Abdulrahman O. Musaiger
Nagalla Balakrishna
Androniki Naska
Marga C. Ocke
Maciej Oltarzewski
Philippos Orfanos
Marja Leena Ovaskainen
Wen Harn Pan
Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos
Gulden A. Pekcan
Stefka Petrova
Noppawan Piaseu
Christos Pitsavos
Luz Gladys Posada
Leanne M. Riley
Luz Maria Sánchez-Romero
Rusidah B.T. Selamat
Sangita Sharma
Abla Mehio Sibai
Rosely Sichieri
Chansimaly Simmala
Laufey Steingrimsdottir
Gillian Swan
Elzbieta Halina Sygnowska
Lucjan Szponar
Tufts University
Harvard School of Public Health
University of Washington, Seattle
Imperial College London
Geoponiko Panepistimion Athinon
University of Cambridge
Universitat Wien
The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University
African Leaders Malaria Alliance
University of Aberdeen
National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Ministerio de Salud
University of Chicago
Eastern Mediterranean Public Health Network (EMPHNET)
Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research
University of Colombo Faculty of Medicine
Institut Francophone pour la Médecine Tropicale
Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
National Food Agency
Statens Institut for Folkesundhed
South African Medical Research Council
Department of Health Information and Research
Food and Nutrition Research Institute Manila
Institut de Veille Sanitaire
National Health Research Institutes Taiwan
NYU School of Medicine
Universiteit Gent
Harvard Medical School
Ministerio de Salud de la Nación (National Health Ministry
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Institute of Public Health of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Universidade de Sao Paulo - USP
University of Queensland
Hopitaux universitaires de Geneve
National Institute of Nutrition India
King's College London
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
American University of Beirut
Ministry of Health
National Cancer Center Tokyo
University of the West Indies
Israel Ministry of Health
Korea Health Industry Development Institute
Gazi Universitesi
Universitas Andalas
Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Bunkyo University
Brown University
Robert Koch Institut
Costa Rican Institute for Research and Education and Nutrition and Health (INCIENSA)
Arab Center for Nutrition
University of Athens Medical School
National Institute of Public Health and the Environment
National Food and Nutrition Institute
National Institute for Health and Welfare
Harokopio University
Hacettepe Universitesi
National Center of Public Health and Analyses
Mahidol University
Universidad de Antioquia
Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia
Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Institut of Tropical Medecin
National Institute of Cardiology
University of Athens
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 5-Aug-2015
Citation: PLoS ONE. Vol.10, No.8 (2015)
Abstract: © 2015 Singh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Background Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), fruit juice, and milk are components of diet of major public health interest. To-date, assessment of their global distributions and health impacts has been limited by insufficient comparable and reliable data by country, age, and sex. Objective To quantify global, regional, and national levels of SSB, fruit juice, and milk intake by age and sex in adults over age 20 in 2010. Methods We identified, obtained, and assessed data on intakes of these beverages in adults, by age and sex, from 193 nationally- or subnationally-representative diet surveys worldwide, representing over half the world's population. We also extracted data relevant to milk, fruit juice, and SSB availability for 187 countries from annual food balance information collected by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. We developed a hierarchical Bayesian model to account for measurement incomparability, study representativeness, and sampling and modeling uncertainty, and to combine and harmonize nationally representative dietary survey data and food availability data. Results In 2010, global average intakes were 0.58 (95%UI: 0.37, 0.89) 8 oz servings/day for SSBs, 0.16 (0.10, 0.26) for fruit juice, and 0.57 (0.39, 0.83) for milk. There was significant heterogeneity in consumption of each beverage by region and age. Intakes of SSB were highest in the Caribbean (1.9 servings/day; 1.2, 3.0); fruit juice consumption was highest in Australia and New Zealand (0.66; 0.35, 1.13); and milk intake was highest in Central Latin America and parts of Europe (1.06; 0.68, 1.59). Intakes of all three beverages were lowest in East Asia and Oceania. Globally and within regions, SSB consumption was highest in younger adults; fruit juice consumption showed little relation with age; and milk intakes were highest in older adults. Conclusions Our analysis highlights the enormous spectrum of beverage intakes worldwide, by country, age, and sex. These data are valuable for highlighting gaps in dietary surveillance, determining the impacts of these beverages on global health, and targeting dietary policy.
ISSN: 19326203
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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