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Title: Hepatozoon and Theileria species detected in ticks collected from mammals and snakes in Thailand
Authors: Chalao Sumrandee
Visut Baimai
Wachareeporn Trinachartvanit
Arunee Ahantarig
Mahidol University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2015
Citation: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases. Vol.6, No.3 (2015), 309-315
Abstract: © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. We report the detection of Hepatozoon and Theileria in 103 ticks from mammals and snakes in Thailand. By using a genus-specific 18S rRNA PCR, Hepatozoon and Theileria spp. were detected in 8% and 18%, respectively, of ticks ( n = 79) removed from mammals. Of the ticks removed from snakes ( n = 24), 96% were infected with Hepatozoon spp., but none were infected with Theileria. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that Hepatozoon spp. detected from Dermacentor astrosignatus and Dermacentor auratus ticks from Wild boar ( Sus scrofa) formed a phylogenetic group with many isolates of Hepatozoon felis that were distantly related to a species group containing Hepatozoon canis and Hepatozoon americanum. In contrast, a phylogenetic analysis of the Hepatozoon sequences of snake ticks revealed that Hepatozoon spp. from Amblyomma varanense from King cobra ( Ophiophagus hannah) and Amblyomma helvolum ticks from Indochinese rat snake ( Ptyas korros), and Asiatic water snake ( Xenochrophis piscator) are grouped with Hepatozoon spp. recently isolated from Monocellate cobras, Reticulated pythons and Burmese pythons, all of Thai origin, and with Hepatozoon sp. 774c that has been detected from a tick species obtained from Argus monitors in Australia. A phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that Theileria spp. from Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, Haemaphysalis obesa, and Haemaphysalis lagrangei ticks from Sambar deer ( Cervus unicolor) cluster with the Theileria cervi isolates WU11 and 239, and Theileria sp. Iwate 141. We report for the first time a Hepatozoon species that shares genetic similarity with Hepatozoon felis found in Dermacentor astrosignatus and Dermacentor auratus ticks collected from Wild boars in Thailand. In addition, we found the presence of a Theileria cervi-like sp. which suggests the potential role of Haemaphysalis lagrangei as a Theileria vector in Thailand.
ISSN: 18779603
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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