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|Title:||Harvesting dissipated energy with a mesoscopic ratchet|
D. A. Ritchie
D. C. Glattli
Service de Physique de l'Etat Condense
University of Cambridge
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemistry|
|Citation:||Nature Communications. Vol.6, (2015)|
|Abstract:||© 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. The search for new efficient thermoelectric devices converting waste heat into electrical energy is of major importance. The physics of mesoscopic electronic transport offers the possibility to develop a new generation of nanoengines with high efficiency. Here we describe an all-electrical heat engine harvesting and converting dissipated power into an electrical current. Two capacitively coupled mesoscopic conductors realized in a two-dimensional conductor form the hot source and the cold converter of our device. In the former, controlled Joule heating generated by a voltage-biased quantum point contact results in thermal voltage fluctuations. By capacitive coupling the latter creates electric potential fluctuations in a cold chaotic cavity connected to external leads by two quantum point contacts. For unequal quantum point contact transmissions, a net electrical current is observed proportional to the heat produced.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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