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Title: Plasmodium vivax: Restricted tropism and rapid remodeling of CD71-positive reticulocytes
Authors: Benoit Malleret
Ang Li
Rou Zhang
Kevin S.W. Tan
Rossarin Suwanarusk
Carla Claser
Jee Sun Cho
Esther Geok Liang Koh
Cindy S. Chu
Sasithon Pukrittayakamee
Mah Lee Ng
Florent Ginhoux
Lai Guan Ng
Chwee Teck Lim
François Nosten
Georges Snounou
Laurent Rénia
Bruce Russell
Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore
Mechanobiology Institute, Singapore
National University of Singapore
Mahidol University
Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine
Sorbonne Universite
CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 19-Feb-2015
Citation: Blood. Vol.125, No.8 (2015), 1314-1324
Abstract: © 2015 by The American Society of Hematology. Plasmodium vivax merozoites only invade reticulocytes, a minor though heterogeneous population of red blood cell precursors that can be graded by levels of transferrin receptor (CD71) expression. The development of a protocol that allows sorting reticulocytes into defined developmental stages and a robust ex vivo P vivax invasion assay has made it possible for the first time to investigate the fine-scale invasion preference of P vivax merozoites. Surprisingly, it was the immature reticulocytes (CD71+) that are generally restricted to the bone marrow that were preferentially invaded, whereas older reticulocytes (CD71-), principally found in the peripheral blood, were rarely invaded. Invasion assays based on the CD71+reticulocyte fraction revealed substantial postinvasion modification. Thus, 3 to 6 hours after invasion, the initially biomechanically rigid CD71+reticulocytes convert into a highly deformable CD71-infected red blood cell devoid of host reticular matter, a process that normally spans 24 hours for uninfected reticulocytes. Concurrent with these changes, clathrin pits disappear by 3 hours postinvasion, replaced by distinctive caveolae nanostructures. These 2 hitherto unsuspected features of P vivax invasion, a narrow preference for immature reticulocytes and a rapid remodeling of the host cell, provide important insights pertinent to the pathobiology of the P vivax infection.
ISSN: 15280020
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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