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Title: Piezoresistive microcantilever-based DNA sensor for sensitive detection of pathogenic Vibrio cholerae O1 in food sample
Authors: Numfon Khemthongcharoen
Wijit Wonglumsom
Assawapong Suppat
Kata Jaruwongrungsee
Adisorn Tuantranont
Chamras Promptmas
Mahidol University
Thailand National Electronics and Computer Technology Center
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemistry;Engineering;Medicine
Issue Date: 15-Jan-2015
Citation: Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Vol.63, (2015), 347-353
Abstract: Pathogenic Vibrio cholerae produces a cholera toxin which is the cause of a severe diarrheal disease called "Cholera". Available detection methods, including standard bacteriological test and immuno-based detection, are specific to the suspected pathogenic V. cholerae O1 and O139, but they are not specific to the cholera toxin producible strain. This work combined the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of cholera toxin gene, ctxA gene, and microcantilever-based DNA sensor to improve the sensitivity and specificity of detection. Gold coated microcantilever, 250. μm long and 50. μm wide, with an embedded polysilicon wire acting as a piezoresistive material was modified by a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) for immobilization of specific DNA probe via avidin layer on the surface. The avidin and 5' biotinylated single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) probe concentrations were optimized for the immobilization at 50. μg/mL and 1. μM, respectively. The hybridization between ssDNA probe on this DNA sensor and target DNA creates nanomechanical bending and resistance change of piezoresistive material inside the beam. This microcantilever-based DNA sensor offers a detection sensitivity of 3.25. pg or 14. nM of DNA template for ctxA gene detection. The lowest number of V. cholerae O1 in food sample with and without the enrichment process that the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for ctxA gene combined with this DNA sensor can detect is 0.835 and 835. cells/g, respectively. This detection sensitivity is 10 times higher than that of the conventional PCR method. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 18734235
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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