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Title: Relationships among sleep timing, sleep duration and glycemic control in Type 2 diabetes in Thailand
Authors: Sirimon Reutrakul
Nantaporn Siwasaranond
Hataikarn Nimitphong
Sunee Saetung
Naricha Chirakalwasan
Boonsong Ongphiphadhanakul
Ammarin Thakkinstian
Megan M. Hood
Stephanie J. Crowley
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Chulalongkorn University
King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Chulalongkorn University
Mahidol University
Rush University Medical Center
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Citation: Chronobiology International. Vol.32, No.10 (2015), 1469-1476
Abstract: © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. There is evidence that the sleep and circadian systems play a role in glucose metabolism. In addition to physiological factors, sleep is also affected by behavioral, environmental, cultural and social factors. In this study, we examined whether morning or evening preference, sleep timing and sleep duration are associated with glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes residing in Thailand. Two hundred and ten type 2 diabetes patients who were not shift workers completed an interview and questionnaires to collect information on diabetes history, habitual sleep duration and sleep timing. Chronotype, an individuals tendency for being a "morning" or "evening" person, was assessed using the Composite Score of Morningness (CSM), which reflects an individuals subjective preference for activities in the morning or evening, as well as mid-sleep time on weekend nights (MSF), which reflects their actual sleep behavior. Most recent hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) values were retrieved from medical records. Evening preference (as indicated by lower CSM), later bedtime on weekends, and shorter sleep duration correlated with higher HbA1c (r = -0.18, p = 0.01; r = 0.17, p = 0.01 and r = -0.17, p = 0.01, respectively), while there was no association between MSF or wake up time and glycemic control. In addition, later bedtime on weekends significantly correlated with shorter sleep duration (r = -0.34, p < 0.001). Hierarchical regression analyses adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, insulin use and diabetes duration revealed that later bedtime on weekends was significantly associated with poorer glycemic control (B = 0.018, p = 0.02), while CSM was not. Mediation analysis revealed that this association was fully mediated by sleep duration. In summary, later bedtime on weekends was associated with shorter sleep duration and poorer glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is likely that patients with later weekend bedtimes curtail their sleep by waking up earlier. Exploring the potential reasons for this phenomenon (e.g. cultural influences, metropolitan lifestyle, environmental factors, family and social obligations) specific to a Thai population may help identify behavioral modifications (i.e. earlier bedtime and/or sleep duration extension) that could possibly lead to improved glycemic control in this population.
ISSN: 15256073
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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