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Title: Preferential solvation and dynamics of Li<sup>+</sup>in aqueous ammonia solution: An ONIOM-XS MD simulation study
Authors: Pilailuk Kabbalee
Anan Tongraar
Teerakiat Kerdcharoen
Suranaree University of Technology
Mahidol University
Keywords: Chemistry
Issue Date: 13-Jan-2015
Citation: Chemical Physics. Vol.446, (2015), 70-75
Abstract: © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. A more sophisticated quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) molecular dynamics (MD) technique based on the ONIOM-XS method, called the ONIOM-XS MD, has been applied for studying the characteristics of Li+in an aqueous ammonia solution. As compared to the conventional QM/MM MD study, which predicts a clear water preference with the arrangement of the Li+[(H2O)4][(H2O)4] type, the ONIOM-XS MD simulation clearly reveals that this ion can order both water and ammonia molecules to form the preferred Li+[(H2O)3NH3][(H2O)11(NH3)3] complex. Of particular interest, it is observed that the "structure-making" ability of Li+is not too strong and that the first solvation shell of Li+is somewhat flexible, in which other different 4-fold coordinated species, such as Li+(H2O)4and Li+(H2O)2(NH3)2, can frequently be formed. In addition, it is found that the second solvation shell of Li+is less structured, implying a small influence of Li+in ordering the solvent molecules in this shell.
ISSN: 03010104
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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