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Title: Prediction of pharyngeal airway changes in skeletal class III deformity patients after orthognathic surgery
Authors: Minh Truong Nguyen
Surakit Visuttiwattanakorn
Natthamet Wongsirichat
Mahidol University
Keywords: Dentistry;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Citation: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology. Vol.27, No.6 (2015), 796-803
Abstract: © 2015 Asian AOMS, ASOMP, JSOP, JSOMS, JSOM, and JAMI. Background: Pharyngeal airway changes after orthognathic surgery in skeletal class III patients have been of concern because of the effects on breathing function. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the pharyngeal airway changes in patients with skeletal class III deformity who underwent orthognathic surgery. Materials and methods: Thirty-two patients who underwent orthognathic surgery at Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Mahidol University, Thailand were included in this study. The subjects were divided in two groups: group 1 underwent mandibular setback (19 patients) and group 2 underwent bimaxillary surgery (13 patients). Lateral cephalogram was taken 3 times: preoperation (T0), immediate postoperation (T1) and 6 months postoperation (T2). Results: The mean amount mandibular setback for group 1 and group 2 were 7.3. mm and 6.5. mm, respectively. The mandibular setback group demonstrated significant decrease in pharyngeal airway dimension at both retropalatal and retrolingual level as well as oropharyngeal area. On the other hand, the bimaxillary surgery group showed no significant decrease but increase at retropalatal level. The linear regression analysis suggested that the change in C3-B distance can be a predictor for pharyngeal airway change in mandibular setback group (r= 0.789, p<. 0.01). Conclusion: Bimaxillary surgery clearly demonstrated better control on the pharyngeal airway than mandibular setback group in skeletal class III patients.
ISSN: 22125558
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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