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Title: More values of L-quebrachitol from skim natural rubber latex
Authors: Teerawan Wannuch
Adun Nimpaiboon
Jitladda Sakdapipanich
Mahidol University
Keywords: Engineering;Materials Science
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Citation: Key Engineering Materials. Vol.659, (2015), 458-462
Abstract: © (2015) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland. Natural rubber (NR) latex collected from Hevea brasiliensis rubber tree exists as a colloidal suspension with 30% dry rubber content (DRC). For convenient use and transportation, the latex was concentrated by centrifugation process. Through this process, the 60% DRC concentrated NR latex and 5% DRC skim latex as a by-product were produced. After using acid coagulation of skim latex, the skim rubber is obtained to use for low-grade application due to high amount of nonrubber components as impurities. The water portion remaining after the coagulation of skim rubber consists of various water-soluble materials such as sugars, lipids, proteins and minerals, which can cause the water pollution if serum is directly discharged into the environment without proper treatment. However, 1.5% of L-quebrachitol were found in skim latex. It can be used in many applications such as a starting material for the synthesis of bioactive materials and inositol pharmacy. Thus, this work is an attempt to investigate the most effective extraction method of L-quebrachitol from skim latex. It was found that the appropriate solvent for extraction L-quebrachitol at high temperature and for recrystallization at low temperature is ethanol. The yield of L-quebracchitol about 2-3% by weight of solid serum were obtained. Moreover, a sweetness and antibacterial activity were also studied for its further applications. It was found that the sweetness of L-quebrachitol was twice than that of sucrose. No antibacterial activity of L-quebrachitol against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus mutans was found.
ISSN: 10139826
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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