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|Title:||Effect of iron overload on furin expression in wild-type and β-thalassemic mice|
Ronald Enrique Morales Vargas
Noppawan Phumala Morales
|Citation:||Toxicology Reports. Vol.2, (2015), 415-422|
|Abstract:||© 2015 The Authors. Furin is a proprotein convertase enzyme. In the liver, it cleaves prohepcidin to form active hepcidin-25, which regulates systemic iron homeostasis. Hepcidin deficiency is a component of several iron overload disorders, including β-thalassemia. Several studies have identified factors that repress hepcidin gene transcription in iron overload. However, the effect of iron overload on furin, a post-translational regulator of hepcidin, has never been evaluated. The present study aimed to investigate the changes in furin and related factors in parenteral iron-overloaded mice, including those with β-thalassemia. Wild-type (WT) and β-thalassemia intermedia (th3/+) C57BL/6 mice were intraperitoneally injected with 9 doses of iron dextran (1. g iron/kg body weight) over 2 weeks. In the iron overload condition, our data demonstrated a significant Furin mRNA reduction in WT and th3/+ mice. In addition, the liver furin protein level in iron-overloaded WT mice was significantly reduced by 70% compared to control WT mice. However, the liver furin protein in iron-overloaded th3/+ mice did not show a significant reduction compared to control th3/+ mice. The hepcidin gene (hepcidin antimicrobial peptide gene, Hamp1) expression was increased in iron-overloaded WT and th3/+ mice. Surprisingly, the liver hepcidin protein level and total serum hepcidin were not increased in both WT and th3/+ mice with iron overload, regardless of the increase in Hamp1 mRNA. In conclusion, we demonstrate furin downregulation in conjunction with Hamp1 mRNA-unrelated pattern of hepcidin protein expression in iron-overloaded mice, particularly the WT mice, suggesting that, not only the amount of hepcidin but also the furin-mediated physiological activity may be decreased in severe iron overload condition.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
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